Here at BabyBoom candles are our passion. We often get asked many questions about BabyBoom candles in general. This area is where we will be sharing all of our knowledge with you. Browse all the links to the right to educate yourself and be enlightened with knowledge.

Candles are a safe product and only become a hazard when used improperly. The majority of fires involving candles are not caused by the candles, but by people using them in an unsafe manner.

BabyBoom Candles recommends the following safety tips when burning candles:

Never leave a burning candle unattended. Extinguish all candles when leaving a room or before going to sleep.
Always burn candles on protected, heat-resistant surfaces specifically designed for candle use. The holder should be big enough to collect dripping wax.
Keep burning candles away from anything flammable, such as furniture, drapes, bedding, carpets, books, flammable decorations, etc.
Avoid putting candles in drafts to prevent rapid, uneven burning and excessive dripping. Drafts can also blow lightweight curtains or papers into the flame where they could catch fire. Summer fans can cause drafts.
Clean and trim candlewicks to 1/8 inch to 1/4 inch before lighting. Long or crooked wicks cause uneven burning, smoking, and dripping. Keep candles free of wick trimmings, matches or any flammable material that might ignite.
Keep candles out of the reach of children and pets. Do not place lighted candles where they can be knocked over by children, pets or anyone else
Discontinue use of a container or votive candle when 1/2-inch of unmelted wax remains. This will prevent possible heat damage to the counter/surface and prevent glass containers from cracking or breaking. Extinguish taper and pillar candles when they get down to within two inches of their holders or decorations.
Candles should be placed at least three inches apart so they don’t melt one another.
The best way to extinguish a candle is to use a special candle snuffer or, if not available, hold your thumb in front of the flame and blow at your thumb. The air will flow around it and extinguish the candle from both sides preventing hot wax from spattering.
Do not extinguish candles with water. The water can cause the hot wax to spatter and some candle containers to break.
Flashlights and other battery-powered lights are much safer light sources than candles during a power failure.
Don’t use a candle as light when you go into a closet to look for things.
Never use a candle for light when fueling equipment such as a lantern or kerosene heater.
Extinguish candle before it melts beyond its edge. This will cause melted wax to pour over the edge making the wick very large leading to sooting and other problems. Let candle cool before re-lighting.
Although candles are made with food grade wax and may smell like food, they are not edible.

Candles are delicate and easily damaged. The action of one candle rubbing against another candle can mar their surfaces. Candles stored improperly can bend, crack, melt, become discoloured, or simply look worse for wear. Taking some simple steps toward careful packaging and storage of your candles will ensure that they will be beautiful and useful to you when you need them.

Storage Tips:

Wrap each candle separately in soft cloth, undyed tissue paper or unprinted newsprint. Any scented candles should be wrapped and then placed in a sealed plastic bag or container to ensure a fresh scent when time to use.

Candles must be stored flat. This is particularly true of long taper candles, which tend to bend if airspace is left beneath them.

Store candles in a place that stays cool and dark year-round. Temperatures above 70F for prolonged periods of time can soften the candles. If they are not lying flat, or not wrapped as individual units, candles run an increased risk of bending or melting together at these high temperatures. If wrapped and stored properly, candles should be able to withstand summertime temperatures.

If you live in a very hot climate and have a cool or particularly well-ventilated spot in your home, this would be a good place to store your candles.

Do not freeze candles. This can cause them to crack.

Candle colours fade if continuously exposed to light, so be sure to cover them when they are stored away.

Candle scents can dissipate if candles are not wrapped in an impermeable covering. When storing your scented candles, keep them in sealed plastic bags or containers.

Warning To Prevent Fire: Stay within view of a burning candle. Keep out of the reach of children and pets. Never burn a candle on or near anything that can catch fire.

Candles will fade slowly over time. Fading occurs more readily when candles are placed in direct sunlight and indoor sources of UV light for an extended period of time. Candles should not be placed in a window, expose them to bright outdoor light or place them under indoor spotlights. Not only will they eventually fade but they may also warp from exposure to excessive heat.

Many candles with fragrance will create a carbon “mushroom” at the head of the wick. After the candle has cooled, use a tissue to remove the carbon buildup.

The maximum burning time for a candle, at one sitting, should be one hour for every inch in diameter. Candles over 3 " in diameter should only be burned 3 hours at a time. Let cool before re-lighting.

Keep the wax pool free of foreign objects such as wick trimmings and matches.

Refrigerating candles will help them burn more slowly and evenly. Wrap the candles in sealed plastic bags or containers to prevent the wicks from absorbing moisture while refrigerating.

If an off-center flame is causing the candle to burn unevenly, simply move the extinguished wick to the center with a metal spoon handle while the wax is still soft.

Candles burned close to one another will affect each other’s burning quality due to their combined heat. Bear this in mind when creating decorative arrangements. A guideline is to place candles at least 3 " apart.

The candle flame is the whole reason for the existence of the candle. The light given off by a candle allows us to see through the darkness; it creates romantic or nostalgic ambiance for our living spaces. In our holy places the candle flame symbolizes our faith and devotion. We find calm or vigor from aromatic essences released by the heat of the flame in scented candles.

One might find oneself mesmerized by the intoxicating glow of the flame of a candle. A fascinating thing is a flame, dancing on the end of the wick of a candle, beckoning us to wonder and marvel at its existence. What is it ? How does it give off its light?

Fire is a strange thing. It may be difficult to understand, but what we perceive as the flame of a candle is not truly fire at all, rather it is an effect of fire. Actual fire is virtually invisible to the naked eye. It is intense heat created by a chemical reaction. The light we see, as what we call a flame, is the luminescence of substances which are super heated but not burned. Like when a blacksmith works a horseshoe made of iron he has removed from hot coals, the iron glows bright orange but is not on fire. Elements passing through the flame of a candle glow brightly in the heat of an invisible fire.

A perfect example of the incandescence in an invisible fire is “limelight”. You may have heard of limelight in reference to the 19th century stage or theater. At the time limelight was the brightest, most natural color of artificial light available. The light was produced by placing a block of lime (calcium oxide) within the combustion area of a hydrogen/oxygen jet flame. The flame from the combustion of hydrogen and oxygen gives off no light even though it is one of the highest temperature flames man can produce. Lime is not chemically affected by either hydrogen or oxygen, and has a very high melt point (2600 degrees). When a block of lime is placed within the flame it gives off light.

The reason that limelight is a perfect example to compare with a candle flame is that in limelight, calcium oxide is a noncombustible substance which gives off light when exposed to high temperatures. Its counterpart in the candle flame is carbon. When a substance is exposed to extreme heat its molecular structure may break apart. In the case of a candle flame, hydrocarbons are broken apart. While the hydrogen atoms from the hydrocarbon combine with free oxygen to create water,
the noncombustible carbon atoms are released. Driven upward on a column of hot air the carbon atoms become incandescent as they pass
through the invisible fire. This is what we perceive as the candles flame, the glow of floating carbon atoms.

Candles create a warm, inviting feeling within the home during the holidays and throughout the year however, frequent candle usage can create problems for your home’s interior if the candles are not used properly.

Candle smoke can leave dark shadows (ghosting) or soot on walls and furniture. This can be avoided if the following tips are followed.

Many candles imported from China or other parts of Asia may contain lead core wicks and are best avoided. Lead is a soft metal that vaporizes in the heat of the flame to become an airborn toxin. To check if the wick contains lead (see The Wick page) or check with the manufacturer.
When burning candles, keep the wicks cut short, one-quarter of an inch (6mm) is best. The longer the wick, the larger the flame, the greater the potential for smoke due to rich and incomplete combustion of the wax.
Keep candles away from drafty places. Breezes will cause inefficient burning that may result in sooting and smoke.
Refrain from burning imported candles that have additives. Purchase candles that are made in North America as these do not contain smoke causing additives.

In large-scale candle making operations, colouring is done with powdered dyes or dyes dissolved in xylene solvent. These colourants are so concentrated that in many cases, less than one gram will colour ten pounds of wax. The dye powders are so finely ground that users must wear a dust mask or respirator to prevent inhalation.

Many professional candle makers use aniline dyes, which are soluble in waxes and oils, to colour their wax.

BabyBoom Candles uses liquid (oil based) dye. This is because it can be diluted with mineral oil. The concentrated dye is too powerful. A drop would colour fifty pounds of wax. In it’s diluted form it is easier to measure, i.e.; 1ml per 5 kilos of wax. Oil based dyes are preferred because powder dyes are dusty and messy to use.

Candle colours will fade over time, particularly pinks and purples. There are ultraviolet inhibitors available in the industry to prevent this. However the best ways to prevent fading are to store candles out of direct light and to burn them before they get old and faded.

When a scented candles burns, the heated wax releases its fragrance into the air to scent the entire room. The variety of special scents is remarkable.

Historically, the use of scent in candles began with beeswax and bayberry, which are naturally scented. Today there are many fragrance options available for scenting candles.

Fragrance Oils: These are scents that are specially made for candle-making. They are usually synthetic, combine well with the wax, and do not affect the burning properties of the candles. Synthetic fragrances are man-made chemicals that involves a process of using several chemical reactions to obtain the final product.

Nature Identical scents: Nature identical is in relation with chemicals. Any chemical that is “man” made but can be found in nature. (Example: Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol found in Rose Absolute or Phenyl Ethyl Alcohol man made derived from coal tar is styrene oxide etc.) These chemical versions of scents imitate natural scents almost identically.

Essential Oils: These are natural oils that are extracted from flowers and other natural substances. They are usually much more expensive than fragrance oils and may not combine properly with the wax. To overcome this problem, commercially made candle scents contain fixatives and stabilizers, which cause the odour to remain longer and to become activated with the heat of the flame.

Aromatherapy: Concept based on the use of essential oils and herbs for treating mental and physical disorders. Term often used in relation to products that are taken internally or applied externally.

Aromatherapy focuses on the therapeutic effect on physical conditions as well as psychological conditions. It assigns specific healing properties to specific odors.

In the world of fragrances the research of effects on human behavior to change moods or enhance the quality of life by the use of ambient odors is called aromachology.

Are candles with essential oils safer?
There is very little difference between components derived from a natural source and those developed to match them. All are equally safe.

Is testing conducted on the effects of heating fragrances?
Fragrances are stable and do not change in composition when heated.

What kinds of testing for health effects have been done with fragrances added to candles?
According to the requirements of US and European governments, extensive health and safety studies are conducted on fragrance materials. These include toxicological, pharmacology and skin contact tests. Because of the extensive testing and close relationship with US candle and fragrance manufacturers, consumers can feel confident that scented candles are safe when used as directed.

Do scented candles emit dangerous amounts of toxic pollutants into the air?
A properly burning candle produces water vapor and carbon dioxide, the same materials we exhale when we breathe.

Are scented candles triggers for asthma and allergies?
Millions of Americans who use scented candles have positive responses to them. The small handful of consumers who may have a negative response should avoid burning candles with that particular scent and be sure to use candles in a well-ventilated area.

Historically, candles were an utilitarian item used for artificial lighting before the dawn of the light bulb. In the recent past, candles were looked upon simply as decorative accents for the dining room table. Today, however, candle use covers a much broader spectrum of applications, including:

Home Decorating
Candles offer a quick and easy way to make a dramatic statement. They are the finishing touches that make a house a home.

Home Entertaining
From simple dinner parties to more elaborate celebrations,candles add to the fun and festive atmosphere of the occasion.

Therapeutic
Aromatherapy candle sales are at an all-time high. True aromatherapy candles are made from the essential oils of plants and flowers, they promote health, well-being and relaxation.

Gift Giving
Candles are extremely versatile. They can be given as a gift for any occasion.

Home Fragrance
Scented candles offer the opportunity to freshen up any environment. The introduction of many new and innovative scents has seriously increased this market in recent years.

Candles have gone through quite an evolution. No longer thought of as a utilitarian necessity, they have become the “feel good” product of today.

Flame drowns
If the wick was trimmed too short and the flame is drowning out, follow these steps to remedy it. Extinguish candle and VERY CAREFULLY use a paper towel to absorb some of the melt pool to relieve the stress put on the wick. You want about 1/4” of the wick to be above the melt pool. The wax is very hot, so please use extreme caution while doing this. If the candle is hard/unlit use a butter knife to gently carve out a trench around the wick - be careful not to cut the wick.

Drips
Keep wick trimmed to 1/4?. Shelter candle from drafts. Do not leave a burning candle unattended. If you see that the side of your pillar is about to “break out” and overflow (or already has done so), extinguish it and let it cool. Re-light and it should fix itself. Be extra careful to keep pillars out of drafts, as this is usually what causes burning problems with pillars.

Flame sputters
Moisture in wick. Allow candle to dry at room temperature for a day or two before re-lighting. If storing candles in the refrigerator or in a damp location be sure to place the candles in a sealed plastic bag or container.

Flickering
The wick is too large and consumes wax faster than it can melt it. Extinguish candle and trim wick to 1/4”. Shelter from drafts

Smokes
Extinguish candle and trim wick to 1/4”. Shelter from drafts

Won’t stay lit / Small flame
Wick too small. See ‘Flame Drowns’ above.

Wick burns hole down candle center
Candle lit for too short a period. Allow candle to burn almost to its edge before extinguishing. Rule of thumb: burn 1 hour for every inch of diameter.

Flame too large
Wick too large. Keep wick trimmed to 1/4”.

Candle warping
Candles stored/placed in direct sun or in a warm location. Store candles in a cool, dark location. Do not place candles in a warm location for long periods of time. Keep out of direct sunlight.

Do not burn large candles for longer than 3 hours at a time. The heat will break down the composition of the wax and cause warping. Extinguish flame and let cool before re-lighting. The composition of the wax will return to normal once allowed to cool.

Colour fading
When displaying or using; keep out of direct sunlight and direct lighting. When storing; keep in a dark, cool location.

Wax on clothes
To remove wax from clothing: 1. Wait until wax cools. 2. Put the item in the freezer and chip the cold wax off when it’s brittle. 3. Place the cloth between layers of Kraft paper or paper towels and iron any remaining wax onto the paper, changing it frequently. 4. If all else fails, take the item to the dry-cleaners letting them know you have a wax stain.

Wax on carpet
Placing a paper towel over the wax and then heat with an iron (use a low setting). The wax will be absorbed into the paper towel. Change paper towel frequently. Do not let the iron touch the carpet or fabric directly!

Wax on furniture
Once the wax has hardened, scrape it off with a plastic spatula or credit card. Use a cloth dampened with hot water and/or furniture cleaner to remove any wax residue. The method used for electronics (below) may also be used - especially for more delicate surfaces.

Wax on upholstered furniture
If wax has melted into the fibers use the same method as for carpet. If wax is on fabric surface allow to cool before gently peeling off hardened wax.

Wax on electronics
Gently pry off any large chunks of hard wax. Use a hairdryer (on med. or high) and direct the heat at the wax. As wax softens and melts use paper towels to wipe up wax. Continue until clean.

Cleaning candle holders and containers (not gel candles)
Sit holder in hot water for few minutes. Wax will soften and be easily removed. Wipe holder with soap and warm water to remove any residue. Alternatively, a holder may be placed in the freezer for about 10-30 minutes. The cold will shrink the wax and make it brittle, making it easy to remove. Let holder return to room temperature before washing with warm water, or reusing.

Cleaning gel candle container
To clean out jar remove excess wax and wick with a metal spoon and fill with hot tap water and dish soap. Let sit for a few minutes. Wipe clean while water is still hot but comfortable to handle using an abrasive plastic sponge. Remaining gel will stick to sponge. Wash with soap and water. Reusable (spices, buttons, bubble bath, etc.) or recyclable.